Bat CAVE (CHAMERA GUFA) ,The Roosting Site of Flying Mammal
Introduction of Bat Cave:
Bat cave is one the most attractive tourist destination of Pokhara. It is a habitat for large population of the nocturnal flying mammals known as Bats; it shelters to more than 10 thousand bats of different species. Therefore, it is known as Bat Cave (Chamera Gupha in Nepal). It lies in Batulechour area, which is a northern settlement of the Pokhara valley of Kaski district, Nepal. This cave is located 980m above the mean sea level, at 31° 30′ 43” N and 79° 19′ 14” E. It is 220m long and is forked in the interior. One arm, which extends towards southeast, is 150 meter long roof. This arm of the cave is sccessible. Most of the visitors can visit this part. Another arm, which extends towards northeast, is about 70m long and is inaccessible. It is famous for its picturesque appearance and most important for its amazing adventurous naturality. It is open every day of the week for visitors.
Some facts about Bats:
Bats are flying mammals that are found all over the world except the Arctic, the Antarctic and some islands. Bats belong to the order ”Chiroptera”. They are divided into two major groups, Microchiroptera and Megachiroptera. Generally, Microbats are herbivores, some of them being carnivores. Bats eat a wide variety of food. Majority of the species eat insects. Species specialized for eating fruit, nectar, or pollen, are abundant and diverse especially in tropical regions. Some bats eat vertebrates like forgs, rodents, birds, fish, etc. There are 1116 species of bats in the world. Only 52 species of bats are found in Nepal. Bats have longer life span considering their small body size; maney bats can live over 30 years in the wild. Where data on longevity is available, life spans in the wild are often recorded from 10 to 25 years. Bats communicate with one another in a variety of ways. They are able to hear and interpret the echolocate calls of other bats to navigate through their environment and to find food. Some bats use diverse range of social calls, which can be useful in intra-specific aggression, mother-infant communication and mating.
Why Bats are Important?
Bats are important because they are pollinator and helpful in dispersal of plant seeds, particularly in tropical communities. They consume organisms and parasites causing many harmful disease. Many species of insectivorous bats prey heavily on insects that transmit disease or crop pests. Bat excrete called ”Guano” is used to fertilize crops. Bats are interesting to watch; that is why most of the tourists visit them, which will pay vital role in uplifting local economy. Bats are declining at alarming rate due to different socio-economic and biophysical factors. Destruction and disturbances to roosting sites are particularly problematic for bats. Pesticide (Fungicide, insecticide, herbicide and others) use also indirectly harms bats that eats insects or plant products that have been chemically treated. Bats are those spices that are ecologically specialized with relatively small geographic range tend to be greatest risk. It is the duty of every human being to conserve this great and important part of nature.
Expedition For This Cave
- Wonderful Cave
The entrance is somewhat narrow but the interior part of the wide enough. This cave is a natural tunnel, which is with no artificial lighting systems. Visitors can rent flash lights from the ticket counter so that they can visit the cave without any difficulty.
- Hanging Bats
Thousands of bats clinging from perhaps 25ft high ceiling of this huge, dark cave. There are more than 10,000 bats in the cave from September to May. In other season the population is rather small. It is wonderful to suddenly look up and realize that the ceiling of the cave is alive. Mainly two species of bats HIPPOSIDEROS ARMAING AND RHINO are recorded in the Bat Cave.
- Images and sculpture
Apart from the bats, the images of the elephant tusk, gods and goddess have been craved on the inner walls of the cave. Diverse natural structures of miraculous articles can be observed on the ceiling of the cave. Another amazing thing is anything we imagine with reference to those features of the ceiling; it come into view the same.
- Rock from
Bat cave is rich for its rock types and different stones that glitter when a beam of light strikes them. This natural rocky configuration of cave is the gift of nature. This cave consists of big boulders of rock and the natural tunnel.
- Incredible exit
Those who eat get the taste. Most wonderful feature of this cave is feeling of adventure during exit from cave. From the bat cave, you can get out the way you get in, or you can walk up a narrow path and twist yourself out through a tiny little hole. It is quite challenging but you will get fun.
- Believe of next birth
One gets a feeling of rejuvenation once out of the bat cave from the tiny exit. The local believe that whoever succeeds to get through this exit is purified of all sins committed in his/her lifetime. “A REBORN IN NEPAL” is what most of the tourist exclaims once they triumph. It is quite challenging and adventurous for you to out through small hole.
- Best season to visit Bat cave:
The monsoon season starts from mid June and lasts until September. POKHARA records the highest rainfall in the country. From climatic point of view, the Bat Cave is enjoyable all year round but if you want to see the bats, the best time to visit the cave is from mid-September to mid-May.
- How to reach Bat Cave:
Bat cave is easy to reach due to permanent road facility. Local Bus is available from Lake side major city center of POKHARA. It takes half an hour to reach Bat Cave from lakeside. You can also hire a taxi from any part of the POKHARA city to reach there.
Things to Remember:
- Ø Do not disturb bats inside cave
- Ø Do not smoke inside the cave
- Ø Do not throw rubbish inside cave
- Ø Do not rupture rocks inside cave
- Ø Keep silent inside cave
- Ø Do not focus your light directly on bats inside cave
- Ø Do not erase and stroke sculpture of goddess
- NRs. 20.00 per individual to foreign nationals
- NRs. 10.00 per individual for Nepali citizens
- NRs. 5.00 per individual for Nepali students
- No entry fee Children under 5 years need.